- What is a drug to drug interaction?
- What is adverse effect and side effect?
- Which of the following is a Type A augmented adverse drug reaction?
- Can the stomach be affected by ADRs?
- How can I reduce the side effects of drugs?
- Why can’t some medications be administered orally?
- Which of the following is an example of a common ADR?
- What is Type A drug reaction?
- Which organs are most affected by ADRS?
- What is the difference between an ADE and ADR?
- What is an example of an adverse effect?
- How can you reduce adverse drug reactions?
- What are Type A adverse drug reactions?
- What are the different types of ADRs?
- What is adverse drug effect?
- What is Susar?
- What is a grade 3 adverse drug reaction?
- What is Type C adverse reaction?
- What is the most common medication problem in the elderly?
- What are the two categories of side effects?
- Do ADRs affect the lungs?
What is a drug to drug interaction?
Drug-drug interactions occur when two or more drugs react with each other.
This drug-drug interaction may cause you to experience an unexpected side effect..
What is adverse effect and side effect?
Adverse events are unintended pharmacologic effects that occur when a medication is administered correctly while a side effect is a secondary unwanted effect that occurs due to drug therapy. It is a common misconception that adverse events and side effects are the same thing.
Which of the following is a Type A augmented adverse drug reaction?
Type A (Augmented) reactions • Reactions which can be predicted from the known pharmacology of the drug • Dose dependent, • Can be alleviated by a dose reduction E.g. • Anticoagulants Bleeding, • Beta blockers Bradycardia, • Nitrates Headache, • Prazosin Postural hypotension.
Can the stomach be affected by ADRs?
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, and anorexia are among the 30 most common potential ADRs associated with therapeutic dosages of the top 200 drugs dispensed by U.S. community pharmacies.
How can I reduce the side effects of drugs?
Prevention and management strategies:Increase water intake and fiber content of your diet (if appropriate)Exercise, if possible.If mild, talk to your doctor about taking laxatives such as docusate, sennosides, or psyllium.If severe and caused by opioids, talk to your doctor about methylnaltrexone or naloxegol.
Why can’t some medications be administered orally?
Other drugs are absorbed poorly or erratically in the digestive tract or are destroyed by the acid and digestive enzymes in the stomach. Other routes of administration are required when the oral route cannot be used, for example: When a person cannot take anything by mouth.
Which of the following is an example of a common ADR?
The ten most common ADRs were constipation, nausea +/- vomiting, fatigue, alopecia, drowsiness, myelosuppression, skin reactions, anorexia, mucositis and diarrhoea.
What is Type A drug reaction?
Type A reactions, which constitute approximately 80% of adverse drug reactions, are usually a consequence of the drug’s primary pharmacological effect (e.g. bleeding when using the anticoagulant warfarin) or a low therapeutic index of the drug (e.g. nausea from digoxin), and they are therefore predictable.
Which organs are most affected by ADRS?
When an ADR in one organ was observed, gastrointestinal organs and the nervous system were most likely affected.
What is the difference between an ADE and ADR?
ADE – An adverse drug event is “an injury resulting from the use of a drug. … ADR – An adverse drug reaction is a response to a drug which is noxious and unintended and which occurs at doses normally used in man for prophylaxis, diagnosis, or therapy of disease or for the modification of physiologic function.
What is an example of an adverse effect?
Examples of such adverse drug reactions include rashes, jaundice, anemia, a decrease in the white blood cell count, kidney damage, and nerve injury that may impair vision or hearing. These reactions tend to be more serious but typically occur in a very small number of people.
How can you reduce adverse drug reactions?
Health Tip: Reduce Your Risk of Adverse Drug ReactionsRead the drug label carefully and only take the medication as recommended by your doctor or as instructed on the label.Never take a medication with alcohol.Never mix the medication with food or drink, unless your doctor says it’s ok.Ask your doctor or pharmacist any questions.More items…
What are Type A adverse drug reactions?
Type A reactions are predictable from the known pharmacology of a drug and are associated with high morbidity and low mortality. Type B reactions are idiosyncratic, bizarre or novel responses that cannot be predicted from the known pharmacology of a drug and are associated with low morbidity and high mortality.
What are the different types of ADRs?
ADR into one of six category terms: certain, probable/ likely, possible, unlikely, conditional/unclassified, and unassessable/unclassifiable (WHO 2014). Few ADRs are certain or unassessable/unclassifiable because most fall into one of the categories in between (Nebeker 2004; Edwards 2000).
What is adverse drug effect?
An adverse drug reaction (ADR) can be defined as ‘an appreciably harmful or unpleasant reaction resulting from an intervention related to the use of a medicinal product; adverse effects usually predict hazard from future administration and warrant prevention, or specific treatment, or alteration of the dosage regimen, …
What is Susar?
SUSAR. An SAE that occurs during research with a medicinal product may be a SAR or a SUSAR. SAR is the abbreviation for Serious Adverse Reaction, and SUSAR for Suspected Unexpected Serious Adverse Reaction. … If the SAR is unexpected it is called a SUSAR.
What is a grade 3 adverse drug reaction?
– Grade 3 Severe or medically significant but not immediately life- threatening; hospitalization or prolongation of hospitalization. indicated; disabling; limiting self care ADL.
What is Type C adverse reaction?
Type C: Dose and time-related reactions, eg due to dose accumulation, or with prolonged use (eg. adrenal suppression with corticosteroids) Type D: Time related reactions, i.e. due to prolonged use in a drug which doesn’t tend to accumulate (eg.
What is the most common medication problem in the elderly?
Warfarin is one of the most common causes of medication-related hospitalizations in older adults. To reduce the risk of serious problems, one may need to apply extra care in monitoring warfarin effect (via the prothrombin blood test) and extra care in checking for interactions when a new drug is prescribed.
What are the two categories of side effects?
There are two groups of common side effects:physical side effects (such as high blood pressure, weight gain, high cholesterol levels, sexual problems and tremors)psychological side effects (such as restlessness, anxiety, lack of energy, or sleepiness).
Do ADRs affect the lungs?
Dyspnea is ranked #17 among the 30 most common ADRs associated with the top 200 drugs dispensed by U.S. community pharmacies. It is described as shortness of breath, breathlessness, inability to take a deep breath, suffocating, cannot get enough air, or pain on breathing.